St. Bernard, Abbot of Clairvaux, was born in Burgundy, in 1091. He was at once a reformer of the monastic life, a preacher of the Crusade, a Doctor of the Universal Church, a worker of miracles, a peace-maker between kings, princes, and peoples, the oracle of Popes, and the champion of the Roman See against schisms and heresies. The mortal frame of the saint, consumed by penance and by sickness, could scarcely contain his soul on fire for the glory of God.
The apparition of Mary at Fatima scheduled for the 13th had been interrupted by the abduction of Jacinta, Francisco and Lucy by the local government officials. After two days of threats without the children revealing the secrets or recanting their story, they were released. On the afternoon of August 19th they were in the pastures of the Cova da Iria with their flock of sheep when Our Lady appeared to them again.
St. John was born at Ri, France, November 14, 1601; he made brilliant studies at Caen; became an Oratorian and a priest; founded in 1641, the Congregation of Our Lady of Refuge (Good Shepard Nuns); left the Oratory and founded, in 1643, the Society of Jesus and Mary (Eudist) for the education of priests and for missionary work; instituted the feasts of the Hearts of Jesus and Mary; wrote a number of ascetical books; died at Caen, August 19, 1680.