St. Anicetus was Pope when St. Polycarp, the of St. John came to Rome to consult about the date on which Easter should be kept. The reasons offered by St. Polycarp did not convince St. Anicetus, nor did the argument of Anicetus move St. Polycarp. St. Anicetus had such respect for St. Polycarp, who had known St. John the Evangelist, that although disagreeing on this matter of discipline, he allowed St. Polycarp to celebrate Mass in the presence of all the faithful in Rome. He was given the title of martyr, because of his sufferings for the Faith, although he was not put to death by his persecutors. He died about 161, and was buried in the Vatican near the tomb of the Apostles, where all the Popes of the first two centuries were buried.
(Source: Fr. Lasance, The New Roman Missal)
St. Optatus, and seventeen other holy men, received the crown of martyrdom on the same day, at Saragossa, under the cruel governor Dacian, in the persecution of Dioclesian, in 804. Two others, Caius and Crementius, died of their torments after a second conflict, as Prudentius relates.
The same venerable author describes, in no less elegant verse, the triumph of St. Encratis, or Engratia, virgin. She was a native of Portugal. Her father had promised her in marriage to a man of quality in Rousillon but, fearing the dangers, and despising the vanities of the world, and revealing to preserve her virginity, in order to appear more agreeable to her heavenly spouse, and serve him without hindrance, she fled privately to Saragossa, where the persecution was hottest, under the eyes of Dacian. She even reproached him with his barbarities, upon which he ordered her to be long tormented in the most inhuman manner: her sides were torn with iron hooks, and one of her breasts was cut off, so that the inner parts of her chest were exposed to view, and part of her liver pulled out. In this condition she was sent back to prison, being still alive, and died by the mortifying of her wounds, in 304. The relics of all these martyrs were found at Saragossa in 1389. Prudentius recommended himself to their intercession sign, and exhorts the city, through their prayers, to implore the pardon of their sins, with him, that they might follow them to glory. Continue reading
These two noble women were disciples of the apostles SS. Peter and Paul at Rome, and were beheaded by the order of Nero, as the Roman and Greek Martyrologies testify.
(Source: Butler’s Lives of the Saints)