Pope from 1903 to 1914, Pius X was canonized an May 29, 1954. He was born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, on June 2, 1835, at Riese, in the province of Treviso, Italy. He died on August 20, 1914, in Rome, a few weeks after the outbreak of World War I. Pius Xs reign was marked by his continuous effort to encourage a renewal of spiritual devotion, particularly with regard to the Holy Eucharist. He also directed a vigorous campaign against the dangers of Liberalism and Modernism in the Church.
(Source: The New Roman Missal, Rev. F. X. Lasance)