On this day in 1917, the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared to three shepherd children in a mountain pasture near the village of Fatima, Portugal. Over the next six months Our Lady of Fatima promised to appear there to Francisco and Jacinta Marto and their older cousin Lucia Santos each month on the 13th at noon.
St. Robert Bellarmine, of whom Pope Clement VIII said: “The Church of God had not his equal in learning,” was born in 1542 at Montepulciano and died in 1621. He entered the Society of Jesus, was made a Cardinal, and distinguished himself by his teaching, preaching, writing and defense of the rights of the Church. During St. Aloysius’ last years, St. Robert was his spiritual director. He was the beatified in 1923, canonized and declared a Doctor of the Church in 1931. He is a patron of catechetical instruction, and members of the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine may gain a plenary indulgence on his feast day under the usual conditions.